Paris Travel

While every effort has been made khổng lồ follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.Please refer khổng lồ the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have sầu any questions.

Bạn đang xem: Paris travel


Corrections? Updates? Omissions? Let us know if you have sầu suggestions lớn improve this article (requires login).
Feedbaông xã TypeSelect a type (Required)Factual CorrectionSpelling/Grammar CorrectionLink CorrectionAdditional InformationOther

Our editors will Review what you’ve sầu submitted & determine whether lớn revise the article.

Join baixarsopagode.org"s Publishing Partner Program và our community of experts lớn gain a global audience for your work!

Paris is located in the north-central part of France along the Seine River. It is at the center of the Île-de-France region.


Paris weather can be very changeable. The wind can be sharp & cold in winter and spring. The annual average temperature is in the lower 50s °F (about 12 °C); the July average is in the upper 60s °F (about 19 °C), & the January average is in the upper 30s °F (about 3 °C).


Paris occupies a depression hollowed out by the Seine. The surrounding heights have sầu elevations that vary from 430 feet (130 meters), at the butte of Montmartre in the north, lớn 85 feet (26 meters), in the Grenelle area in the southwest. The đô thị is surrounded by great forests of beech and oak, called the “lungs of Paris,” as they help purify the air in the region.


Paris, đô thị và capital of France, situated in the north-central part of the country. People were living on the site of the present-day đô thị, located along the Seine River some 233 miles (375 km) upstream from the river’s mouth on the English Channel (La Manche), by about 7600 bce. The modern city has spread from the island (the Île de la Cité) và far beyond both banks of the Seine.

Paris occupies a central position in the rich agricultural region known as the Paris Basin, and it constitutes one of eight départements of the Île-de-France administrative region. It is by far the country’s most important centre of commerce and culture. Area thành phố, 41 square miles (105 square km); metropolitan area, 890 square miles (2,300 square km). Pop. (2012) thành phố, 2,265,886; (năm ngoái est.) urban agglomeration, 10,858,000.

Character of the city

For centuries Paris has been one of the world’s most important and attractive sầu cities. It is appreciated for the opportunities it offers for business & commerce, for study, for culture, và for entertainment; its gastronomy, haute couture, painting, literature, và intellectual community especially enjoy an enviable reputation. Its sobriquet “the City of Light” (“la Ville Lumière”), earned during the Enlightenment, remains appropriate, for Paris has retained its importance as a centre for education and intellectual pursuits.

Paris’s site at a crossroads of both water & l& routes significant not only lớn France but also khổng lồ Europe has had a continuing influence on its growth. Under Roman administration, in the 1st century bce, the original site on the Île de la Cibổ was designated the capital of the Parisii tribe and territory. The Frankish king Clovis I had taken Paris from the Gauls by 494 ce and later made his capital there. Under Hugh Capet (ruled 987–996) và the Capetian dynasty the preeminence of Paris was firmly established, & Paris became the political & cultural hub as modern France took shape. France has long been a highly centralized country, và Paris has come to be identified with a powerful central state, drawing khổng lồ itself much of the talent and vitality of the provinces.


The three main parts of historical Paris are defined by the Seine. At its centre is the Île de la Cingã, which is the seat of religious và temporal authority (the word cité connotes the nucleus of the ancient city). The Seine’s Left Bank (Rive Gauche) has traditionally been the seat of intellectual life, và its Right Bank (Rive Droite) contains the heart of the city’s economic life, but the distinctions have sầu become blurred in recent decades. The fusion of all these functions at the centre of France and, later, at the centre of an empire, resulted in a tremendously vital environment. In this environment, however, the emotional & intellectual climate that was created by contending powers often phối the stage for great violence in both the social và political arenas—the years 1358, 1382, 1588, 1648, 1789, 1830, 1848, and 1871 being notable for such events.

Xem thêm: Combo Dầu Gội Dove Phục Hồi Hư Tổn 650G, Dầu Gội Dove Phục Hồi Hư Tổn 880Gr


*

bản đồ of Paris c. 1900
Map of Paris, c. 1900, from the 10th edition of Encyclopædia baixarsopagode.org.
Encyclopædia baixarsopagode.org, Inc.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia baixarsopagode.org

Landscape

City site

Paris is positioned at the centre of the Île-de-France region, which is crossed by the Seine, Oise, & Marne rivers. The city is ringed with great forests of beech & oak; they are called the “lungs of Paris,” for they help khổng lồ purify the air in the heavily industrialized region. The đô thị proper is small; no corner is farther than about 6 miles (10 km) from the square in front of Notre-Dame Cathedral. It occupies a depression hollowed out by the Seine, và the surrounding heights have been respected as the limits of the thành phố. Elevation varies from 430 feet (130 metres) at the butte of Montmartre, in the north, to lớn 85 feet (26 metres) in the Grenelle area, in the southwest.


*

Paris
Paris và its metropolichảy area.
Encyclopædia baixarsopagode.org, Inc.

The Seine flows for about 8 miles (13 km) through the centre of the city và 10 of the 20 arrondissements. It enters the đô thị at the southeast corner, flows northwestward, and turns gradually southwestward, eventually leaving Paris at the southwest corner. As a result, what starts out as the stream’s east bank becomes its north bank & ends as the west bank, & the Parisians therefore adopted the simple, unchanging designation of Right Bank và Left Bank (when facing downstream). Specific places, however, are usually indicated by arrondissement or by quarter (quartier).

At water cấp độ, some 30 feet (9 metres) below street level, the river is bordered—at least on those portions not transformed into expressways—by cobbled quays graced with trees và shrubs. From street level another line of trees leans toward the water. Between the two levels, the retaining walls, usually made of massive sầu stone blocks, are decorated with the great iron rings once used to moor merchant vessels, and some are pierced by openings left by water gates for old palaces or inspection ports for subways, sewers, và underpasses. At intermittent points the walls are shawled in ivy.

The garden effect of the Seine’s open waters và its tree-lined banks foster in part the appearance of Paris as a đô thị well-endowed with green spaces. Tens of thousands of trees (mostly plane trees, with a scattering of chestnuts) line the streets as well, và numerous public parks, gardens, and squares dot the thành phố. Most of the parks và gardens of the modern central city are on land that formerly was reserved for the kings on the old city’s outskirts. Under Napoleon III, who had been impressed by London’s parks while living in Britain, two ancient royal military preserves at the approaches to lớn Paris were made inlớn “English” parks—the Bois de Boulogne to the west and the Bois de Vincennes to the east. Moreover, during his reign a large area of l& was laid out in promenades and garden squares. Under Mayor Jacques Chirac in the late 20th century, the municipal government initiated efforts to lớn create new parks, và such projects continued into lớn the 21st century.

The Promenade Plantée is a partially elevated parkway built along an abandoned rail line & viaduct in the 12th arrondissement (municipal district) of Paris, on the right ngân hàng of the Seine River. It was the world’s first elevated park (first phase completed in 1994) và the first “green space” constructed on a viaduct; it has since inspired other cities khổng lồ turn abandoned rail lines into public parkl&. The entire feature runs some 4.5 km (about 3 miles) from the Opéra Bastille to the Bois de Vincennes. Located underneath the elevated portion is the Viaduc des Arts, which stretches along the Avenue Daumesnil. Its former archways house specialized commercial establishments.